Tuesday, March 15, 2022

5 Proper Ways to Overcome Food Poisoning

5 Proper Ways to Overcome Food Poisoning

Food poisoning is not something to be taken lightly. Well, there are ways to deal with food poisoning that you need to know. This is important to note, because this condition can be dangerous if not treated immediately. 

5 Proper Ways to Overcome Food Poisoning - Food or drink that is not processed or stored hygienically is susceptible to contamination by germs. When this happens, these germs can produce toxic substances and when consumed, can trigger food poisoning.

5 Proper Ways to Overcome Food Poisoning
Source: Merdeka.com

Symptoms of food poisoning can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, fever, and stomach cramps. These symptoms can appear within hours to days after consuming food or drink contaminated with germs.

So that symptoms do not worsen or cause harm, food poisoning needs to be treated appropriately.

How to Overcome Food Poisoning at Home.
To overcome food poisoning, there are several initial treatment steps that you can take, namely:

1. Sufficient body fluid needs. 
Diarrhea and vomiting due to food poisoning can make the body lose a lot of fluids. You need to restore this lost fluid by drinking more water to prevent dehydration.

In addition to drinking water, you can also consume electrolyte drinks and soups or soups to restore the body's fluids and electrolytes. Drink slowly and little by little, but often so as not to be nauseous.

2. Consumption of the right food. 
When new symptoms appear, you are advised not to eat any food for a few hours first.

Once you feel more comfortable, try eating foods that are easy to digest, namely foods that are low in fat, low in fiber, and without a lot of added spices. Some examples of these foods are porridge, potatoes, bananas, and honey.

You should also avoid spicy and oily foods and acidic foods and drinks as they can exacerbate symptoms. Also, avoid consuming beverages that contain alcohol, caffeine, or milk.

3. Avoid using drugs without a doctor's prescription. 
Diarrhea and vomiting during food poisoning are natural processes by the body to rid the digestive tract of toxins as well as harmful bacteria, viruses and parasites.

Therefore, you should avoid using diarrhea medications, such as loperamide, when you first experience food poisoning. Taking diarrhea medicine can actually prolong the symptoms of poisoning.

In addition, symptoms of diarrhea due to food poisoning do not always need to be treated with antibiotics. This is because antibiotics cannot treat food poisoning caused by viruses or parasites.

To determine whether food poisoning needs to be treated with diarrhea medication or antibiotics, it is best to consult a doctor first.

4. Consume ginger water. 
To relieve nausea and discomfort in the stomach, try drinking ginger water. Ginger drink is known to have a calming effect on the digestive tract.

In addition to ginger, food poisoning can also be treated by consuming intakes that contain probiotics, such as yogurt, which can restore the digestive tract. Even so, yogurt is better consumed when the body's condition has begun to recover.

5. Fill the rest time. 
When experiencing food poisoning, get plenty of rest so that the immune system can work optimally to fight the germs that cause poisoning. In addition, the symptoms of food poisoning can also make the body feel weak. Therefore, you need adequate rest to restore energy.

Symptoms of Food Poisoning That Need to be Treated by a Doctor.
Symptoms of food poisoning will generally subside within a few days to 1 week. Immediately see a doctor if the symptoms of food poisoning do not improve or are accompanied by the following complaints:
  • High fever. 
  • Severe cramps in the stomach. 
  • bloody CHAPTER. 
  • Blurred vision. 
  • Body muscles feel weak. 
  • Tingling or numbness. 
  • Vomiting every time you eat or drink. 
  • Very weak or faint.
Hospitalization and intravenous fluids are generally required if the doctor assesses the condition of food poisoning as severe and accompanied by dehydration. The doctor will also give antibiotics if the food poisoning is caused by bacteria.

So that food poisoning can be avoided, keep the food to be consumed clean, wash food ingredients before processing, cook food until it is completely cooked, wash hands before eating, and don't eat food that smells bad, is slimy, or moldy.

If the symptoms persist and the ways to deal with food poisoning above do not give results, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment and according to your condition.
Chapped Lips, Here Are 5 Easy Ways To Overcome It

Chapped Lips, Here Are 5 Easy Ways To Overcome It

Chapped lips are a condition that almost everyone has experienced. Not only does it cause discomfort, dry and chapped lips are also prone to bleeding and causing wounds. Well, there are several ways you can do to overcome this condition. 

Chapped Lips, Here Are 5 Easy Ways To Overcome It - Lips are a unique body part compared to other body parts. This is because the lips do not have oil glands to keep them moist. Therefore, sun exposure can dry out the lips.

Source: Kompas.com

Causes and Symptoms of Chapped Lips. 
Some people think that chapped lips only occur during the summer or dry season. In fact, this condition can be caused by various things, even when the air or cold weather though.

Certain medical conditions can also cause chapped lips, such as malnutrition, irritation, and side effects of medications.

This condition can get worse if the lips are not treated properly. Some of the symptoms of chapped lips that can appear include:
  • Lips feel dry, even to the point of peeling
  • Scales appear on the lips
  • There are wounds
  • Swollen
  • Bloody
How to Overcome Chapped Lips. 
You don't need to worry if you experience chapped lips, because there are several easy ways you can do to eliminate and prevent chapped lips, namely:

1. Reduce the habit of licking lips.
Many people often lick their lips to moisten and treat dry lips. However, in reality, licking your lips can actually cause itchy lips and can make chapped lips worse.

This is because saliva evaporates faster so it can cause the lips to be drier than before they were wetted with saliva.

2. Use lip protection. 
The use of lip balm or lip balm can also prevent chapped lips, especially when active in the sun. You can also try natural lip balms, such as honey, coconut oil, aloe vera, and olive oil, to treat chapped lips.

3. Avoid allergy triggers. 
Chapped lips can also occur as a result of the body's allergic reaction to a substance. Therefore, as much as possible avoid direct contact with materials that can trigger allergies.

Some people are prone to allergies to perfume products, dyes, cosmetics, or skin care products with certain ingredients.

4. Adequate intake of body fluids. 
Lack of fluids in the body can also cause chapped lips. Therefore, it is important to always meet the body's fluid needs by drinking at least 8 glasses of water every day.

Not only does it prevent chapped lips, adequate fluid needs can also reduce the risk of getting dehydrated.

5. Pay attention to the use of certain drugs. 
Some drugs can cause side effects in the form of chapped lips, such as pain relievers, antihistamines, and acne medications. However, consult your doctor to know for sure about the side effects of these drugs. If it is very bothersome, the doctor will consider alternative drugs.

Although chapped lips can heal by itself, but in some people, this condition can get worse. If it is severe, chapped lips can turn into cheilitis or inflammation on the surface of the lips.

A specific sign of cheilitis is the appearance of cracks at the corners of the lips and can be accompanied by infection.

Therefore, if you experience chapped lips that do not heal and are difficult to treat, you should consult a doctor so that appropriate treatment can be carried out.
Efficacy of COVID-19 Vaccine against Variant Omicron

Efficacy of COVID-19 Vaccine against Variant Omicron

The emergence of the Omicron variant of COVID-19 caused its own unrest in the community. This is because the new variant of the Corona virus is known to spread quickly. However, you don't need to worry, because the COVID-19 vaccine is considered effective enough to reduce the risk of transmission.

Efficacy of COVID-19 Vaccine against Variant Omicron - The Omicron variant (B.1.1.529) is one of the mutations of the Corona virus which was first identified in South Africa in November 2021. This variant has been designated by WHO as a variant of COVID-19 that needs to be watched out for (variant of concern) because of the level of transmission. tall.

Efficacy of COVID-19 Vaccine against Variant Omicron
Source: BBC.com

Not only that, preliminary evidence shows that the Omicron variant has a higher risk of causing recurrent infections compared to other variants of concern, such as the Delta variant.

Efficacy of COVID-19 Vaccine against Variant Omicron. 
So far, some data shows that the Omicron variant of the Corona virus can indeed spread more quickly and is at risk of causing COVID-19 to recur.

However, various case reports that have been collected show that most cases of infection with the Omicron variant of the Corona virus cause mild COVID-19 symptoms or even do not cause symptoms at all.

In addition, preliminary research also shows that any type of full-dose COVID-19 vaccination is known to still provide protection against the Omicron variant of COVID-19. >

The full-dose COVID-19 vaccine is also considered to have good enough efficacy in reducing a person's risk of developing severe COVID-19 symptoms or even death from COVID-19.

Therefore, various health institutions around the world, such as the WHO, CDC, and the Indonesian Ministry of Health, urge the public to continue to follow strict health protocols to cope with and reduce the risk of spreading the Omicron variant of COVID-19.

In addition, the administration of a COVID-19 booster vaccine is also recommended to strengthen the body's immune response to the Omicron variant of COVID-19.

However, giving this booster vaccine is prioritized for high-risk groups, such as health workers, the elderly, people with comorbid diseases, or people with immunodeficiency conditions.

Prevention of COVID-19 and How to Maintain the Body's Immune. 
You don't need to be too worried about the arrival of the Omicron variant of COVID-19, because there are several steps that can be taken to prevent transmission and spread, namely:

1. Get vaccinated against COVID-19. 
Given that the COVID-19 vaccine can still provide protection against any variant of the Corona virus, including Omicron, as well as reduce the risk of developing severe COVID-19 symptoms, it is recommended that you follow the complete COVID-19 vaccination program.

Besides being able to form immunity against the Corona virus, this vaccination also aims to form group immunity or herd immunity. With the formation of adequate group immunity, the risk of transmission of the Corona virus is also expected to decrease.

2. Exercise regularly. 
To reduce the risk of transmitting COVID-19, you also need to increase your endurance by regularly exercising or doing physical activity for at least 30 minutes every day.

Not only can strengthen the body's immunity, regular exercise is also important to maintain good health and fitness.

3. Sufficient rest time. 
The habit of lack of sleep can also affect the immune system. This is because during sleep, the body will produce cytokine proteins that play a role in fighting infection or inflammation. If you are sleep deprived, the production of this protein will decrease so that the body is susceptible to disease.

Therefore, it is recommended that you always get at least 7-9 hours of sleep every night to maintain the body's immunity. 4. Eat nutritious food. Consumption of nutritious food by implementing a balanced diet is very important to do to maintain endurance. This diet is carried out by paying attention to the balance of nutritional intake, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, as well as various types of vitamins and minerals.

Some types of nutritious foods that are included in a balanced diet are whole grains, vegetables, nuts, seeds, eggs, fish, low-fat meats, dairy and processed products, and fruits.

Not only maintaining immunity, consuming nutritious food through a balanced diet can also prevent you from various types of diseases.

5. Consuming fruits high in vitamin C
Vitamin C is known to have antioxidant properties and can increase the body's immunity. You can find this type of vitamin in various types of food, including fruits.

There are various types of fruits high in vitamin C, such as oranges, lemons, and kiwis. However, one of the fruits known as the best source of vitamin C is guava. In fact, the content of vitamin C in this fruit is more than any other fruit.

In 1 medium-sized guava or the equivalent of 55 grams, there are about 125 grams of vitamin C. Not only vitamin C, guava is also rich in vitamin A, antioxidants, fiber, and various minerals that are good for supporting health and endurance.

You can consume guava directly after cleaning or processing it into juice. You can also consume packaged guava juice which is more practical and of course hygienic.

If needed, you can also take vitamin supplements or multivitamins to complete your nutritional needs and maintain your immune system. However, if you want to take certain vitamin supplements, you should consult your doctor first, yes.

In addition to strengthening your immune system in the various ways above, you must also be disciplined in implementing health protocols, starting from wearing a mask when outside the house, washing your hands regularly, to maintaining physical distance from other people and avoiding crowds.

If you experience symptoms of COVID-19, such as fever, cough, shortness of breath, and sore throat, immediately self-isolate.
A Line of Nutrients Needed During Healing After Sickness

A Line of Nutrients Needed During Healing After Sickness

After recovering from illness, the body must work hard to repair and rebuild damaged tissue. This takes quite a bit of time. So, in order for the body to get fit quickly, nutritional intake needs to be met properly.

A Line of Nutrients Needed During Healing After Sickness - When sick or in recovery, some people complain of not having an appetite for food. In fact, eating healthy foods in sufficient quantities can speed up the recovery process.

A Line of Nutrients Needed During Healing After Sickness
Source: farmaku.com

The disease you are experiencing may indeed be cured by medicine. However, adequate nutrition from nutritious foods every day also plays a big role in the healing process after illness. In fact, certain nutrients can increase the body's resistance, so you are not easily sick again in the future.

List of Nutrients That Must Be Fulfilled During Healing After Sickness.

During the recovery period after any illness, be it broken bones, coughs, colds, or COVID-19, the food you consume should not be careless. In addition to having to meet the calorie needs per day, the food you consume must also contain a series of important nutrients, such as:

1. Protein.
The first nutrient that is needed during the recovery period after illness is protein. Apart from being a source of energy, protein serves to build muscle, increase bone strength, repair damaged body tissues, and increase endurance.

Protein is a macronutrient, which is a nutrient needed by the body in large amounts. However, some types of protein-forming amino acids cannot be produced by the body, so to meet their needs, you must eat protein-rich foods every day.

Protein is divided into two types, namely animal protein and vegetable protein. You can get animal protein from meat, fish, eggs, and milk and their processed products. Meanwhile, to get vegetable protein, you can eat beans, tofu, tempeh, or edamame.

Both sources of protein above are equally good, but animal protein does contain amino acids that are more complete than vegetable protein. In addition, this type of protein is more easily digested by the body.

Apart from food, you can also get protein from milk, especially if during the healing period you still tend to be lazy to eat. Milk that contains whey, casein, and soy proteins can even provide a combination of the benefits of animal protein and plant protein.

Also make sure the milk you consume contains beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB), which is a compound that results from the breakdown of the essential amino acid leucine.

These compounds have been shown to reduce protein breakdown and increase protein formation in the body to replace muscle mass lost during illness. The properties of these compounds also play a major role in accelerating the healing period.

2. Carbohydrates. 
During recovery after illness, you need to eat foods that contain carbohydrates. Apart from being a source of energy, carbohydrates also help the wound healing process and play a role in maintaining muscle health.

Choose food sources of complex carbohydrates that also contain fiber and antioxidants, so that blood sugar does not rise drastically. Examples of foods with complex carbohydrates are sweet potatoes, oatmeal, brown rice, brown rice, and vegetables.

3. Fat.
Some people may stay away from foods that contain fat for fear of having high cholesterol or obesity. In fact, if consumed in moderation and of good type, fat has many health benefits, including accelerating the healing period after illness.

The various benefits of fat include providing energy for the body, supporting cell growth, protecting organs, increasing immunity, controlling inflammation, keeping the body warm, helping the production of hormones and enzymes, and helping the absorption of several important nutrients.

To get these benefits, you have to be selective in choosing fat sources. Eat foods that contain good fats, such as salmon, avocado, cheese, nuts, chia seeds, or yogurt.

4. Vitamins and minerals. 
Many types of fruits and vegetables contain various vitamins to increase endurance, such as vitamins A, C, D, and E. To get these benefits, you can consume green leafy vegetables, carrots, strawberries, oranges, or guavas.

In addition to vitamins, fruits and vegetables also contain fiber which plays an important role in maintaining a stable weight and healthy digestive tract.

In order to speed up the recovery process after illness, the body also needs several types of minerals, such as folic acid, iron, zinc, and selenium. You can get these minerals from fortified pasta and bread, chicken, seafood, meat, or yogurt.

Those are a series of important nutrients needed during the healing period after illness. Most of the above nutrients can be obtained from a variety of healthy foods. Make sure the food is also clean and prepared with good cooking techniques.

In addition, try to also use milk that contains HMB in your diet, because this nutrient has been proven to provide a faster recovery period. In addition, for maximum healing, you also need to rest a lot and drink enough water.

Don't forget to check with the doctor according to the specified schedule, OK? By regularly eating nutritious foods as described above and consulting a doctor, your body will recover faster from illness.

9 Effective Ways to Quit Smoking

9 Effective Ways to Quit Smoking

For smokers, especially heavy smokers, quitting smoking is not an easy thing. However, there are several ways to quit smoking that can be done to get rid of this bad habit. That way, the body can return to health and the risk of various diseases will decrease.

Quitting smoking is a challenge for smokers. The reason is, some of the content in cigarettes can cause an addictive effect, so that it can trigger the emergence of nicotine withdrawal symptoms when someone tries to quit smoking. 

9 Effective Ways to Quit Smoking
source: www.nhs.uk

However, that doesn't mean you can't quit smoking. With patience and strong determination, you can be free from the shackles of smoking and the dangers that come with it.

Various Ways to Quit Smoking. 
If you are an active smoker and intend to stop this bad habit, there are several ways to quit smoking, including:

1. Manage stress. 
Stress can be one of the reasons someone chooses to smoke, because the nicotine content in it can provide a relaxing effect quickly. However, several studies have shown that smoking can actually make a person more prone to stress. 

To relieve stress, change smoking habits slowly by doing some fun activities, such as listening to music, doing massage therapy, or meditation. In addition, as much as possible also avoid situations that can bring stress.

2. Avoiding the triggers of smoking habits. 
When trying to quit smoking, try to avoid factors or habits that can make you return to smoking, such as drinking coffee and alcohol or hanging out with fellow smokers.  

If you are used to smoking after eating, you can find other ways to replace it, for example by chewing gum or brushing your teeth.

3. Eat healthy foods. 
Some active smokers often feel less in the mood to eat, because the nicotine in cigarettes can reduce the sensitivity of the senses of taste and smell.  

Research shows that healthy foods, such as vegetables and fruits, can reduce the desire to smoke again. Not only that, healthy food can also meet the nutritional needs of the body while restoring the appetite that is reduced due to smoking.

4. Exercise regularly. 
Not only makes the body healthier and fitter, exercise can also reduce addiction to nicotine. When the urge to smoke comes, you can divert this urge by doing sports, such as walking, swimming, or cycling.  

5. Clean the house regularly. 
House cleanliness can also be one of the factors that can support you to stop smoking. You can wash clothes, bed linen, carpets, or curtains that contain the smell of cigarettes.  

You can also use air fresheners to get rid of the smell of cigarette smoke and take your mind off the things that can remind you of cigarettes, including the smell. 

6. Involve family and closest friends. 
Tell your family and close friends that you are in the process of quitting smoking. In this way, they can help and provide support so that you always remember the goal of quitting smoking that you want to achieve.

7. Try nicotine-replacement therapy. 
Nicotine replacement therapy generally aims to overcome frustration and relieve withdrawal symptoms that are often felt when a smoker tries to quit smoking. Cigarette replacement therapy media vary, ranging from chewing gum, lozenges, inhalers, to nasal sprays.

Although it is considered safe and can reduce addiction to cigarettes, you are still advised to consult a doctor before doing NRT.

8. Undergoing behavioral therapy. 
Counseling with a psychologist or counselor can help you identify the triggers for smoking and find a smoking cessation strategy that suits your condition.

To maximize its success, behavioral therapy can be combined with nicotine replacement therapy and medication by a doctor.

9. Try hypnotherapy. 
One way to stop smoking is to undergo alternative therapy in the form of hypnotherapy. The effectiveness of hypnotherapy to stop smoking is not known for certain. However, some people claim to have felt the benefits.

In addition to the methods above, several types of drugs, such as bupropion and varenicline, can also help you quit smoking. However, this drug should only be taken as directed and under the supervision of a doctor.

Quitting smoking is not an easy thing to do. Not a few people who fail to do so. However, your commitment to quitting smoking will go a long way in getting rid of the habit.

When you find it difficult to stop smoking, try to remember the reasons why you want to stop smoking, for example so that your body is free from various diseases or your family is protected from the dangers of being passive smokers.

However, if you still find it difficult to quit smoking despite the various ways to quit smoking above, don't hesitate to consult a doctor. Doctors can determine how to quit smoking that is effective and according to your condition.